A famous star and a mind-blowing plant.. What you do not know about Gabon

A well-known star and a mind-blowing plant.. What you have no idea about Gabon

World By Aug 31, 2023 No Comments


Through the previous hours, the identify of Gabon topped the scene globally, after the coup that happened on this nation positioned in Central Africa, not removed from Niger.

Yesterday, Wednesday, the army carried out a coup towards President Omar Bongo, shortly after the announcement of the official outcomes of the presidential elections that happened on August 26 and confirmed his victory for a 3rd time period.

Within the following are outstanding issues that you need to find out about Gabon, which is wealthy in oil.

55 years in the past

First, there isn’t a doubt that this coup didn’t come out of nowhere, because the Bongo household has been in energy for greater than 55 years. For the reason that nation gained independence from France in 1960, solely three presidents have dominated it.

It was led by Omar Bongo Onjimba for greater than 41 years, till the posthumous election of his son Ali in 2009.

Omar Bongo, who was revered for his mediation in lots of African crises, was the spine of what’s known as “French Africa”, which is the system of political and industrial relations between Paris and its former colonies on the continent.

However upon assuming energy, his son Ali ostensibly distanced himself from the previous colonial energy.

iStock-gabon (expressive from aisto)

iStock-gabon (expressive from aisto)

Nevertheless, 9 of his different youngsters had been later accused in an investigation carried out by the French judiciary since 2010 concerning “illicit good points”, that are actual property bought in France with public funds embezzled from Gabon.

Bob Marley.. and an affair!

However the nation has lovely “inventive” and spherical paradoxes as effectively.

In January of 1980, well-known reggae legend Bob Marley visited the nation and carried out his first present in Africa.

This got here after Pascaline, one in every of Omar Bongo’s daughters, had a relationship with the well-known Jamaican star.

She invited him to carry out in Gabon for her father’s birthday.

iStock- Bob Marley

iStock- Bob Marley

A well-known soccer participant

By way of soccer, worldwide celebrity Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang is probably the most well-known participant within the nation.

The 34-year-old striker, who just lately signed with French Ligue 1 membership Marseille for 3 years, performed for Lille, Monaco and Saint-Etienne, in addition to Borussia Dortmund and Arsenal, after coaching with AC Milan.

Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang (Reuters)

Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang (Reuters)

Oil, wooden and manganese

However removed from the world of fame, Gabon is without doubt one of the richest African international locations by way of GDP per capita ($ 8,820 in 2022), thanks to grease, wooden and manganese, and its small inhabitants (2.3 million folks).

It is usually one of many first producers of black gold in sub-Saharan Africa.

In 2020, oil accounted for 38.5% of its GDP and 70.5% of its whole exports, in line with the World Financial institution.

Nevertheless, the economic system, which the authorities are unable to diversify sufficiently, continues to be largely depending on hydrocarbons, and one particular person out of each three lives under the poverty line, in line with figures introduced in late 2022, in line with the World Financial institution.

Carbon absorbent

As well as, this nation is classed as a significant absorber of carbon, in line with the outline of the World Financial institution.

Forests occupy 88% of its 268,000 sq. kilometres, and it’s a chief in web zero emissions initiatives, particularly because of efforts to cut back emissions and protect its giant tropical forest.

It has a wealthy ecosystem, and its nationwide parks are residence to endemic species and emblematic mammals such because the forest elephant, gorilla, chimpanzee, cheetah and lots of species of pangolin.

iStock-gabon (expressive from aisto)

iStock-gabon (expressive from aisto)

The nation has one of many highest urbanization charges on the continent, with greater than 4 out of each 5 residents residing in cities.

Libreville and Port-Gentil, the financial capital, alone account for about 60% of the inhabitants.

A plant with psychoactive substances

Amongst its pure richness, the well-known Iboga plant, which comprises psychotropic substances, floats to the floor.

It’s an endemic shrub within the tropical forests of Central Africa.

50 years in the past this plant went past its conventional use as a result of medicinal properties of ibogaine, one in every of its energetic substances, which has anti-addictive properties.


In Gabon, it’s used within the type of powdered bark extracted from the stems, in poiti ceremonies, a conventional ritual.

However about fifty years in the past, the plant went past its conventional use as a result of medicinal properties of ibogaine, one in every of its energetic substances, which has anti-addictive properties.

Though ibogaine is taken into account a narcotic in america and several other European international locations reminiscent of France.

So many of the portions of ibogaine utilized in clinics which have popped up everywhere in the world (Costa Rica, Mexico, New Zealand, Holland, and so forth…), to deal with drug addicts or assist victims of post-traumatic stress dysfunction, come from unlawful export.

Fearing that the plant would possibly run out because of unlawful harvesting, Gabon adopted a brand new framework for its sale.

So, given all these assets, many observers surprise why the variety of poor folks within the nation is so excessive?!



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