A state of panic has prevailed amongst Ukrainians for days, in a rustic that also remembers the Chernobyl nuclear catastrophe in 1986.
The panic has worsened dramatically since Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky warned of a Russian plan to strike the Zaporizhia nuclear plant.
Ukrainians flocked to pharmacies to purchase iodine tablets. This prompted the Ministry of Well being to warn its residents in opposition to taking these tablets at random with out the necessity for them.
It additionally confirmed in suggestions printed at this time, Friday, on the Telegram utility, that iodine consumption is critical solely within the occasion of a confirmed nuclear accident.
Might trigger demise
She additionally warned of the adverse repercussions of iodine tablets, saying that “taking potassium iodide indiscriminately is harmful,” and pressured that an overdose may result in “severe penalties” that might trigger “even demise.”
These warnings got here after folks lined up yesterday in entrance of some pharmacies in Kiev to purchase iodine, based on AFP.
“Yesterday there was demand… however at this time it has decreased,” mentioned Sofia Sildeska, a 25-year-old pharmacist within the heart of the capital.
Iodine Tablets – Expressive from Shutterstock
“We now have iodine tablets in inventory, and there’s no scarcity,” she added. She emphasised that she explains to folks take it, “as a result of some don’t perceive that it’s a single dose taken because of the unfold of radioactive components,” as she put it.
In one other pharmacy within the capital, the demand for these tablets elevated by “100 to 150 %” after Zelensky’s statements, based on what 21-year-old worker Maria Doller confirmed, saying, “There isn’t any panic, however everybody needs security.”
So what do these discs do?
Iodine tablets goal to forestall thyroid most cancers within the occasion of radioactive emissions ensuing from a severe nuclear accident. Nevertheless, this drugs doesn’t shield in opposition to radioactive components equivalent to cesium-134 and 137.
In line with the World Well being Group, potassium iodide ought to be taken as a basic safety measure within the occasion of an accident. But it surely ought to solely be taken when explicitly directed by public well being authorities.
The effectiveness of potassium iodide in blocking the thyroid gland will depend on its administration on the proper time.
Zaporizhia nuclear energy plant in southern Ukraine (AFP)
The optimum interval for iodine administration ranges from lower than 24 hours earlier than the anticipated onset of publicity to nuclear radiation to 2 hours after the onset of publicity. It stays affordable to take it as much as 8 hours after radiation publicity.
Nevertheless, taking it greater than 24 hours after publicity won’t present any safety for the person.
Additionally, consuming it in extra and with out want results in vital adverse results, which can attain the purpose of demise. Growing the quantities of iodine within the physique results in a rise within the secretion of thyroid hormone and causes what known as thyrotoxicosis, which happens continuously in folks uncovered to an enlarged thyroid gland or who’re subjected to therapy with iodine dietary supplements, which can typically result in the elimination of those that take it.